Question Categories: Renal and urology


You are carrying out an audit looking at how appropriate the 2 week wait suspected cancer referrals are at your GP practice. Which one of the below situations does not warrant an urgent 2 week wait suspected cancer referral?


You review a 70 year old male with abdominal pain in the acute medical assessment unit. You are aware from the medical notes he has hydronephrosis. Which one of the following conditions is least likely to cause hydronephrosis?


Mr Singh is 75 years old and just been diagnosed with prostate cancer. Which of the below grading systems would be used to help determine his prognosis?


Karen is 52 years old and sees the GP for a 5 month history of urinary incontinence which mainly occurs when she has sneezed or coughed. She denies any haematuria, dysuria or urgency symptoms. She has 2 children who were born via normal vaginal delivery. Systems review is unremarkable and abdominal and pelvic examination is …

PLAB03-104 Read More »


John is 29 years old and is being investigated along with his wife in the infertility clinic. He attends for his routine GP medication review and informs you that the clinic examined him and said his scrotum felt like ‘a bag of worms’. He cannot recall the name of the condition. What is the most …

PLAB03-075 Read More »


Martha is a 39 year old female who is seen in Gynaecology clinic. She explained that she has had episodes of incontinence since the traumatic birth of her son two years ago. Episodes are usually triggered by coughing or sneezing but recently, also jogging. Martha feels very self-conscious especially when at work. She is otherwise …

PLAB03-030 Read More »


You are about to review an 8 year old boy with Nephrotic syndrome in the Paediatric Assessment Unit. What is the most common cause of Nephrotic syndrome in children?


A 30 year old male presents with a firm, non-tender lump in his right testicle. You examine him and agree further investigations are necessary to rule out testicular cancer. Which of the below types of testicular cancer accounts for around 40-45% of all testicular cancers?


Tom is a 43 year old office worker who presents to the GP with his wife requesting a referral for a vasectomy. They have completed their family and done some initial reading about the procedure online. What is the lifetime failure rate for a vasectomy?


John is a 57 year old mechanic who attends A&E with excruciating loin pain and is suspected to have renal stones. Which types of stone accounts for around 80% of urinary stones?


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